Share Having language errors in your online dating profiles can make you appear less attractive as a romantic partner, according to new research published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. The research also suggests that people associate different types of language errors with different personality attributes.“We were interested in the (negative) effects of language errors on the impressions people form of the attractiveness of a dating profile owner,” said study author Tess van der Zanden, a PhD student at the Department of Communication and Cognition of Tilburg University.“Various online dating sites recommend their members check their spelling and grammar before publishing their profile online. An example was found on a blog at OkCupid, which recommended to their members to proofread the profile text, as 75% of the people say they are less likely to respond to someone whose profile has spelling mistakes.” “How they got to these numbers is not really known, and they seem to be based on answers given in large general surveys among site members. However, the extent to which language errors do negatively affect perceptions of attractiveness was not yet empirically investigated. If a person indicates in such a survey that (s)he will be turned off by language errors, this does not necessarily mean that this person rates a profile owner as less attractive once encountering a profile with language errors.”In their first study, 373 Dutch dating app users viewed and rated two online dating profiles — one which included language errors and one that did not. The researchers found that online dating profiles with language errors were rated as less socially and romantically attractive than those without errors.But this effect was mostly driven by the 33.5% of participants who reported noticing the errors. “Apparently, most people do not observe language errors in online dating profiles, but for those who do, the errors severely damage the profile owner’s dating potential,” the researchers said.Next, the researchers examined if the type of language error mattered. “Previous studies that investigated the effects of language errors in other (online) environments differed in the type of language errors they included in their studies, and revealed differential effects on impression formation,” van der Zanden explained.“One of the reasons for this may be that different language errors types are often attributed to different personality traits. In the second study of this paper, we therefore included different language error types, which are all attributed to particular personality attributions.”The second study, which included another 365 Dutch adults, compared mechanical language errors — such as writing “teh” instead of “the” — to rule-based language errors — such as using “me” instead of “I.” The researchers also examined the use of informal language, such as emoticons, abbreviations, and expressive punctuation.The researchers found that mechanical errors were perceived as a signal of inattentiveness, while rule-based errors were perceived as a signal of lower intelligence. Inattentiveness and lower intelligence, in turn, were linked to lower attraction and dating intention scores. The use of informal language, meanwhile, was associated with reduced interpersonal warmth.The findings highlight that people should “try to avoid language errors in your profile text,” van der Zanden told PsyPost.“If you are yourself not so sure about the occurrence of language errors in your profile, ask another person to proofread your profile. Even though we found that a lot of people did not notice or did not know whether they had been presented with profiles with language errors, you just want to prevent people from attributing you false personality traits (e.g. that you are lacking intelligence or that you are not attentive), and that your profile is therefore immediately discarded just because of some language errors.”“You should not blame someone for doing this because people have only limited information on a dating profile to form a quick initial impression on and to decide whether there is interest in pursuing contact with the profile owner or not. All small pieces of information that are available can thus influence the impression others form of you,” van der Zanden said.“Information that is unintentionally provided by the profile owner is of high value because it ‘leaks’ information that is less regulated or controlled by the profile owner. Especially in an online dating context, where it is known that most profile owners are likely to present their best and most attractive self in the dating profile, by avoiding certain bad habits and emphasizing positive traits, such uncontrolled information is therefore assigned greater weight.”But the study — like all research — includes some limitations.“An advantage of this study is that we had a large sample of actual dating site users as participants in this study. However, it is important to notice that participants were on average 55 years, and the results are thus mostly based on perceptions of older adults,” van der Zanden explained.“Our sample may therefore not perfectly mirror the site’s overall user demographic, and the demographic of the online dating audience in general. It may be the case that younger adults are less attentive to language errors or consider them as less negative.”“Moreover, effect sizes in our study were all somewhere between small and medium. This is not surprising considering that language errors are but one of the cues that people pay attention to when forming impressions. Other available pieces of information, called cues, such as the profile text content and the profile picture, are considered for impression formation, and the observed effects of errors on impression formation are therefore not trivial,” van der Zanden noted.“Finally, a surprisingly high number of participants did not notice or did not know whether the profiles they saw contained language errors or not. This raises the question which individuals are prone to notice language errors.”The research also provides new insights into how people evaluate different aspects of online dating profiles.“Another interesting finding of this study is that it seems that people use different dating profile components to form impressions about different aspects of attractiveness,” van der Zanden explained.“Inferences about physical attractiveness seem to be made based on profile picture information and characteristics of profile texts are likely to affect impressions of a profile owner’s social attractiveness, which is also paramount to find in a romantic partner. This indicates that people are specific about which cues they use to form impressions and need different cues in the profile that fit specific dimensions of impression formation.”The study, “Impression formation on online dating sites: Effects of language errors in profile texts on perceptions of profile owners’ attractiveness“, was authored by Tess Van der Zanden, Alexander P. Schouten, Maria B. J. Mos, and Emiel J. Krahmer. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn Email
Schlumberger’s WesternGeco and seismic firm ION Geophysical have announced a new 3D multiclient reimaging broadband program offshore Mexico, which uses Mexico’s National Hydrocarbons Commission (CNH) data library.The Campeche 3D reimaging program comprises three survey areas covering approximately 82,000 km2 in the Bay of Campeche offshore southern Mexico.The program will be processed using a combination of custom technologies and techniques from both WesternGeco and ION, that the companies say will maximize data quality and offer geological insights for upcoming licensing rounds.According to a statement by ION Geophysical, the use of broadband preprocessing coupled with high-resolution steep dip reverse time migration (RTM) and Kirchhoff imaging algorithms will produce data ideal for prospect identification and exploration.ION President and Chief Executive Officer, Brian Hanson, said: “We are pleased to be collaborating with WesternGeco on such a large project offshore Mexico, where we anticipate continued strong client interest. The Campeche 3D reimaging program area is in one of the most challenging, yet prospective regions offshore Mexico where we have significant processing experience and expertise.”Maurice Nessim, President, WesternGeco, said, “We are confident this collaboration will bring value to our customers through the highest quality imaging, which will improve their understanding of the complex subsurface geology in this area. We expect to see a significant improvement in subsalt and above-salt imaging to better inform our customers through their licensing rounds and development decisions.”The program is fully supported by industry funding. Fast-track data are available now for Round 1.4 deepwater bid preparation decisions.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInDUMFRIES and Galloway firefighters will soon be armed with the very latest firefighting equipment – capable of blasting through concrete and steel.The Ultra High Pressure Lances will enable crews to tackle the fire quickly from outside of the building by injecting high pressure suppressants through walls and doors.This state-of-the-art equipment will enhance the Service’s existing capabilities in the area, improving both public and firefighter safety.And the proven technology will be carried by a bespoke new fire engine to be based at Annan and Drummore Community Fire Stations, representing a £400,000 investment in the safety of the area’s most rural communities.The move comes as the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service seeks to transform to meet new and emerging risks.Area Manager Hamish McGhie is the Service’s Local Senior Officer for Dumfries and Galloway.He said: “This technology is fast, efficient and proven – with it our crews can begin firefighting within seconds of arrival by cutting straight to the heart of the flames.“Combined with this new state-of-the art appliances our retained and volunteer firefighters will be able to respond quickly and decisively to keep saving lives in Dumfries and Galloway’s most rural areas.“But crucially, we will be able to fight many fires without putting our firefighters’ lives in danger by sending them into a burning building.“Our retained firefighters are absolutely dedicated to protecting their communities – and we are arming them with the right tools to do just that.”Stations across Scotland, from Annan and Drummore to Troon in Ayrshire and from Papa Westray on the Orkney Isles to Denny near Falkirk, are amongst the volunteer and RDS stations which have been identified to benefit from the investment.The bespoke appliances can carry up to four firefighters, are more agile than their traditional counterparts and have been designed to meet the needs of Scotland’s most rural areas.Built by Scottish firm Emergency One, each one will also carry a life-saving defibrillator.LSO McGhie continued: “Our rural communities are changing in Dumfries and Galloway.“People no longer live and work in the same place – they travel and commute out of their towns and villages, and this can make it difficult to muster retained crews during the day.“We need to change and adapt, to look at a more flexible but safe means of responding when our communities need us.“These appliances and this technology is merely a first step as we move to empower our retained firefighters. “
Leicester’s team started the new campaign perfectly, recording a classic 3-0 victory against the newcomer to the Premier League – West Bromwich Albion. The new addition to the “foxes” – Timothy Castane, was the author of the opening goal, and later two goals from a penalty by Jamie Vardy formed the final result.Getty ImagesThe first half was calm and goal positions were almost absent. The best opportunity came only in the 31st minute, when Harvey Barnes squandered his chance to open the goal account of the “foxes” for the new campaign. However, two consecutive great interventions by Sam Johnston kept Leicester away from the goal.At the end of the first half Mateusz Pereira shot towards the opponent’s goal, but Casper Schmeichel saved his goal and both teams returned with a zero draw at the break.After about an hour of play, Timothy Castane debuted in a perfect way, scoring the first goal of the “foxes” for the new season. The Belgian took advantage of a great breakthrough and accurate cross by Denis Pratt and nailed the ball close to the head in the door of the UBA.Leicester continued to dominate and minutes later scored another goal, which was canceled due to an ambush.In the 72nd minute Kylie Bartley knocked Jamie Vardy to the ground and gave a penalty kick to the opponent. The Englishman did not make a mistake from the penalty spot and after a cunning execution of the penalty doubled the lead of his team.In the 83rd minute, the hosts showed that they have not learned from their mistake and gave a new penalty to Leicester. This time the sinner was Dara O’Shea, and the perpetrator of the “fox” strike was the famous Vardy. The striker made the final 3-0, after he outsmarted Sam Johnston, waiting for him to plunge before nailing the ball in his door.Thus, Leicester started the season with a classic victory, which puts the team in second place in the standings. UBA is on the other pole after a disappointing start, but the team has a whole season at its disposal to prove that its entry into the English elite is not a coincidence. Follow us anywhere and anytime with the mobile application of Gong.bg. You can download it from Google Play, App Store and AppGallery.